An ode to the college years

To the class of 2017:

We did it! We survived four years of tears, joy, self-growth, independence and new milestones. Now, the world is in our hands.

From freshman year to now, there is so much we have learned about who we are, how the world works and who we want to be. Sure, the journey to graduation wasn’t always stress-free and perfect – I mean, what would the college experience be without midterms, finals and coffee?

“Time flies,” they said. And we’ve all heard the phrase that college is the best four years of our lives. Here’s a little journey back through the last four years.

Freshman year: After graduating high school, we left our parents’ nest with nothing but love and excitement (and perhaps a bit of unpredictability) as we embarked on a new journey at what we would eventually call “home.” We adjusted to dorm life, independence, dining halls and tougher academics, and we also got over-involved in everything on campus. The year was complete with spending countless nights out with our friends, realizing the reality of midterms and finals and discovering all that Ithaca has to offer.

Then came sophomore year: As sophomores, we finally declared (or switched) our majors and continued to embrace the college experience. The end of our teenage years, we welcomed our 20’s and perhaps took up opportunities outside of our comfort zones through study abroad. Exploring other passions and pursuits, for most, sophomore year came with navigating the first internships and building our digital portfolios.

Hello, junior year: The year we became legal adults at the age of 21. We slowly, but surely grew a bit more independent; for some, this is the year we moved into off-campus housing. We sought out professors to be our mentors, took on leadership positions and became activists. Our classes became harder and we narrowed our campus involvements to those that mattered most. Finally, only one year left of college…we couldn’t wait for the real world.

Cheers to senior year: FINALLY. The end to a four-year journey. With solid friendships, the last of our major classes and capstone projects and stressing over post-graduation plans, senior year has certainly been a year to remember. Thanks to our mentors, we took on research opportunities and prioritized what matter to us most. Some of us will enter graduate school while others will start professional careers and a few (like me) are still trying to figuring it out. At 22 years old, we enter the world of adulting.

This bittersweet moment called graduation marks the ending of a wild journey, where moments turned into memories and our passions led us to the best experiences. To the class of 2017, cheers. We made it. Our legacy remains with the future students. Now’s our time to pursue our craziest dreams and challenge ourselves to continue becoming the people we want to be.

To Ithaca College, thank you for the opportunities, relationships and the ups and downs. It’s certainly been a blessing to call you my “home.”

To my roommates and friends, you have helped me grow into a strong, confident person. I couldn’t have survived the long nights and tough moments without you all. Keep inspiring others and, of course, stay in touch.

To my mentors, I am grateful for the opportunities we have shared, and I thank you for your guidance and support in helping me discover my passions.

To my professors, my academic experience would not have been a success without you. It’s been a joy learning from all of you and each has left an impact on the knowledge I have gathered over the last four years.

To my family, without you, I would not be the adult I am today. Thank you for providing me with a memorable college experience, and of course, for supporting me through the tears, tough decisions and the stress.

And finally, to current and future Ithaca College students, live up your college experience and take every opportunity that comes your way. I encourage you to step out of your comfort zone and create more memories than you can ever imagine. Seek out mentors and build relationships. And remember: soak up all that Ithaca and the college experience offer.

I will tell you that college flies by, and before you know it, the real world will be calling your name.

Sincerely,

2017 college graduate

Advertisements

Conference recap: challenging my own assumptions

With the muggy and humid air and the spicy Southern creole dining, New Orleans is a city full of life. This year, New Orleans, Louisiana, hosted the Excellence in Journalism National Conference September 18-20. I, along with four fellow executive board members, had the opportunity to attend thanks to funding and support from our school. Our time at the conference could not have been more enjoyable. We not only attended workshops addressing various topics, but also explored the downtown New Orleans area and met with top-notch industry professionals. With that, I realized there is much more to take away from a conference than simply networking.

One goal I had in mind when attending this conference was to expand my knowledge on what it means to be a media professional. In the past, my conference attendance has involved sitting in on similar workshops that address, more or less, the same issues. This time, I tried to branch out and explore a variety of panels with the goal of hoping to learn about all sides of the communications industry. I wanted to seek different experts who could share with me the process of improving social media usage, reporting with accuracy and researching information. Hence, I listened to presenters that spoke about a range of topics and issues, including “Covering Domestic Violence Against Native Women”; “Race, Religion and Politics: Avoiding Stereotypes and Leading Community Conversation”; “Immigration: Reporting Across Ethnic Divides”; “From Data to Impact: Finding and Using Health Disparities Data”; “New Orleans News and the Role of the Press in the Digital Age”; “Collaboration Tops Branding in Nonprofit Journalism.” I enjoyed these panels because they discussed topics relevant to today’s society and brought to my attention the issues we are still working to address.

There were two sessions that stood out to me throughout my time at the conference. First, I was impressed at the number of people who attended the “Race, Religion and Politics: Avoiding Stereotypes and Leading Community Conversation” panel. I attended the panel because I felt that it fit in with all that I am currently studying in one of my journalism courses this semester, “Media Literacy: Race, Gender and Ethnicity.” The session highlighted topics that are still prevalent in society today: race and stereotypes that misrepresent a story and/or narrative. I thought it was impactful to hear about how to craft the story accurately and depict characters and sources in the right light. In my opinion, this was an important session to attend because it helps to understand how to make ethical and accurate journalistic decisions when crafting a message or story. After learning the ways in which the media distorts information, I learned how I can improve as a journalist and storyteller by understanding the impact of the decisions that ultimately misrepresent a story or narrative.

The second workshop that was meaningful to attend was the “Collaboration Tops Branding in Nonprofit Journalism.” Compared to the other panels and workshops, I consider this one on nonprofit journalism to be my favorite. The panel consisted of representatives from Native Health News Alliance, a nonprofit news and service site that serves Native American populations and media. Prior to the EIJ conference, I had never attended a workshop where we discussed media for Native Americans, so in my opinion, it was unique to learn about the Native American culture, population and misperceptions. As a writer, I believe it is important to understand other cultures and ethnicities simply because it contributes to how well a story is told. This panel opened my eyes to sharing stories about some of the most underrepresented groups in the media. There are definitely stories to be told…they just need to found and written without any presumptions. Collaboration, whether it is with another organization or with another writer, challenges your assumptions and biases and creates a diverse network of alliances to authenticity to your writing. As a storyteller, passion and harmony thrive in collaborative environments.

These workshops, along with the ones I mentioned earlier, presented a diverse array of issues that contribute to my understanding of how to become a media professional who is aware of her biases and the misrepresentations in the media. The EIJ conference, for sure, definitely put the hat on a wonderful year as president of the Ithaca College chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists.

Tricks of the trade: what I learned as a marketing intern

Although senior year is in full-swing (and trust me, it is as busy as ever), I couldn’t help but reflect on my time working at Sagefrog Marketing Group in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. My internship at Sagefrog was unlike any other; in fact, I’d consider it a culmination of my previous experiences and skills.

For 10 weeks, at 40 hours per week, I was fortunate to have the opportunity of immersing myself into all facets of the marketing and communications industries, including, but not limited to: branding, digital marketing, public relations, social media, traditional marketing and integrated marketing. Of course, I also learned skills relating to administration and business operations, which have allowed me to further develop as a professional.

My time at Sagefrog not only helped me realize what it’s like to work in the professional media industry, but also confirmed the type of career I want to pursue after graduation. With that, here are my five takeaways after working at a marketing agency:

  1. All types of communication (especially verbal) are key: In other words, being extroverted goes a long way when you’re working in the communications industry. Yes, this means you have to get over your fear of speaking on the telephone, but it also means learning to interact with employees and clients in the industry language. Be proactive and seek clarification when needed.
  2. Chaos is a good thing: As a journalist, I can tell you chaos is just the beginning of a long day. At Sagefrog, it is a fact that interns always have work to do whether it is researching a prospective client, gathering social media analytics or proofreading documents. You are constantly moving and there is not a time when the phone is not ringing. In the midst of it all, you prioritize work that needs to get done. For this reason, I have learned, time management comes in handy…and it is never too late to begin prioritizing.
  3. Nothing is ever busy work: I repeat…nothing is ever busy work. From day one, I realized the work I completed and the tasks I were assigned were steps to creating bigger projects. Even minuscule tasks, such as the organization of media lists, helped move along a public relations project and press release. In the end, the team carried out the project much more efficiently and within a timely manner.
  4. Journalists have a different perspective: Yes, working in a marketing agency is not the first place people think of when you say you are a journalism major. But, journalism is a multi-dimensional degree that teaches a variety of skills and prepares media professionals to work in all aspects of the industry. I believe my skills as a journalist, specifically as a storyteller, contributes well to the marketing communications industry since I am working with clients who hope to brand a strategy that tells the story of their company.
  5. Work outside your comfort zone: A few projects I worked on involved data extraction and website analyzation, which definitely are not my strongest areas. Although I have experience with website analytics, I still had much to learn and Sagefrog entrusted me to do just that. I explored Google Analytics and other data-retrieving websites to get the necessary data. I am glad to have expanded my knowledge in Excel (especially with pivot tables!), as well as HubSpot, as digital marketing is a rising industry today.

Redefining Asian American race rebels

Throughout my semester in “Asian American Race Rebels”, I received the idea that most “race rebels” in history received negative connotations. Whether they were the No-No boys or revolutionaries to social change, Asian Americans race rebels were often seen as individuals who caused trouble for the Asian American community and created more harm than good.

As the semester progressed and we learned about the later Asian American race rebels, such as those in the 20th or 21st century, I have concluded that being a race rebel is not at all about negative influence; rather, society is simply redefining what it means to be a race rebel.

I believe in the 21st century, a race rebel is defined as someone who stands out against the traditional stereotypes of one’s race and ethnicity. The Side B narrative, rather, restructures the connotation of a race rebel. Today, with the rise of YouTube and the Internet as outlets for individualism, it is easier for one to speak out against what he or she believes; thus, a race rebel in the modern age is not one who is shunned or spited – he/she is, rather, symbolic of social change. With today’s media and Internet, it is easier for a race rebel to go against the stereotypes put on by society; hence, the so-called, Side B narrative, which is not conforming to the standards of the Model Minority.

The Side B narrative, I believe, is just another way of looking at a race rebel. It promotes individuals to be true to him/herself and highlights the ways in which an individual should address others who believe in the Side A – the Model Minority Myth. It has come to my attention that the 21st century race rebel falls not just within the realm of the media, but also in the health, political, business, and educational sectors. There are countless individuals I would consider are working to create more opportunities for Asian Americans and to improve the standards that confine Asian Americans.

I do not think a race rebel ought to be blamed for his/her actions toward facilitating social change for the Asian American community as history indicates; rather, I believe he/she should be held accountable for the shift in ideologies of today’s generation of Asian Americans. Without race rebels, Asian Americans would still be bound to the stereotypes of the Model Minority Myth, and they would continue to stay silent against the social injustices surrounding their communities. The Asian American community needs race rebels who can advocate for more individuality and the Side B narrative; so all individuals can work toward improving the standards to which Asian Americans are held socially, politically, and economically.

Multimedia Journalism was challenging yet rewarding

Every journalism course presents me with its challenges and has its strengths and weaknesses. As a third-year student, I have definitely endured the hardest and most challenging journalism course this semester.

Multimedia Journalism is a course every first-year and second-year journalism student dreads hearing about from an upperclassmen, not because of the professor, but because of the challenging nature of the course.

While the course certainly presented difficulties and obstacles, it was also rewarding. Some of the early challenges of the course included working on articles with a new partner each week, writing stories every week with a Sunday afternoon deadline and exploring various beats I have never imagined I would cover.

With each Monday being publishing day, partners worked effortlessly throughout the week to pitch stories, collect interviews from sources and work with each other to produce different multimedia elements to compliment the writing.

To accomplish our goal of publishing articles each week, I learned two important lessons it is worthwhile for a journalist to note: 1) always be thinking of story ideas and 2) have multiple back-up plans.

I found it helpful to constantly have story ideas in the back of my mind because of the short turn around time for each article. With only two days between when the articles were due to when we pitched stories to the class, each of us had to think one week ahead. Sometimes, I would be working on two story ideas — one for the current week and one for the week ahead. It was always easier to have next week’s story ideas ahead of time so you can reach out to sources early on and make good timing for the next article. Multimedia Journalism showed me how a journalist should be thinking.

For me, Multimedia Journalism taught me the importance of having back-up plans, no matter what week it is or what story you were pursuing. In certain weeks throughout the semester, my partner and I found ourselves stuck with a slowly progressing story because sources would not respond until the day before deadline or there would be no opportunities for capturing video or taking photos for our multimedia element. In circumstances such as these, it was best to pursue multiple stories simultaneously. There were weeks when I had to work on two stories at once in order to see which one best panned out before deadline. Another time, my partner and I had to pursue story idea number six because the other five did not work out the way we would have liked. As a journalist, you never know when stories are going to fall through or provide you with obstacles you had not foreseen; thus, always, always, always have a back-up plan. The more story ideas, the better.

As I sit here on my last day of Multimedia Journalism, I can see how rewarding the course has been in improving my skills as a journalist and allowing me to produce content across all platforms. As a result of the course, I have become a stronger journalist who has the ability to produce content with audio, video and data elements. I have had the opportunity to explore beats I had never imagined covering, like sports. And most importantly, Multimedia Journalism has taught me what it means to be a true journalist, and to that, I am grateful for the experience I have had in this course.

Our final project was created as a class. We produced various content on the local food economy in Ithaca. These stories are published on our website, FoodiEconomy.

A letter to my 18-year-old self as a journalist

Dear 18-year-old self,

It’s hard to believe you’re already in your first-year of college. It feels like high school graduation was yesterday. Oh, and you want to be a journalist? As you begin your journey to becoming a professional journalist, you should know that journalism requires more than just communications skills, according to Mashable’s list of must-have traits for journalists. Let me advise you on the true meaning of journalism and show you what kind of journalist you should be as you embark on this new experience.

First off, I should congratulate you on a job well-done for choosing a field as dynamic as journalism. It’s a crazy industry with long hours, busy days, low pay and little opportunity for starting a family. Don’t let these traits discourage you from stepping into the journalism world, instead, let them encourage you to become that much better in your field. Learn early in your career to balance your time well and manage your daily schedule so that it is bearable.

Here is why you should pursue a degree in journalism, an industry you have selected since you were in middle school. According to the Houston Chronicle, with a journalism degree comes opportunities to travel, constant learning and versatile skills. These are all factors that you need to take into account as you learn the ropes of the journalism industry.

Being a journalist lends itself to an infinite amount of travel experiences and opportunities. No matter what beat you decide to pursue or the type of outlet you hope to work, know that travel is expected, even if it’s across the country, and each one will be its own experience. Travel is a major component of The Poynter Institute’s The Pyramid of Journalism Competence because it emphasizes the ability for a journalist to use language fluidly in order to tell a story. Most importantly, it commands that journalists should have cultural literacy, or the ability to be sensitive and knowledgable toward cultural differences, diversity and multi-culturalism.

Journalism also allows you to constantly learn. Although it is a fact that you are always learning about new topics and subjects, journalism also pushes you to become critical and analytical. Through constructive journalism, you learn to become a better reporter by telling stories that engage the audience and present a narrative that is both accurate and truthful. Eventually, you will become a well-rounded journalist with the ability to pursue any story and possess general knowledge in a variety of subjects.

Lastly, receiving a journalism degree presents you with versatile skills and prepares you for jobs in other fields outside of the journalism industry. With knowledge in photography, data analysis, social media, audio-visual techniques and the ability to speak with anyone, a journalism degree lends itself to employment in other sectors, including business, public relations, law and health. It is okay if you do not pursue journalism after college graduation; for, you will find a job in another industry if you find journalism is not right for you.

I will leave you with one last note. I’m sure people tell you all the time that journalism is a dying field or that you will never get a decent paying job. They constantly remind you how you will be struggling to pay the bills and how unstable your rate of employment will be. I want you to know that journalism is not a dying field; it is a growing industry that is being revolutionized each and every day. In the age of the Internet and digital media, it is important to understand how to market yourself for work in online media and digital journalism. I will tell you this: know that the journalism industry is changing, and the more skills you can learn, the more successful you will be in your chosen career.

Sincerely,

21-year-old self


This post was published on Storify. Check out the extended version with additional content at “A Love Letter to Journalism.”

The way to provide faster Internet in America

Would media in the United States be any different if there were no regulations or monopolies or a finite number of large corporations controlling media?

Sure.

In fact, I think there would be more media open to discussing topics that mainstream media doesn’t necessarily cover. I feel there would also be less biases and diverse point-of-views presented in media reports and coverage. More importantly, I believe the telecommunications industry would be able to transmit information at a faster rate if there are no regulations.

Currently, there is a lack of competition to regulate the Internet in the U.S. due to the fact that the telecommunications industry has been divided among four conglomerates: Verizon, AT&T, Comcast, and Time Warner. With a lack of competition in the telecommunications industry, these four conglomerates have the option to charge higher prices for slow-speed Internet. The Internet in the U.S., for example, ranks 31st in the world in average download speed, according to a study by Ookla Speedtest.

With the limit in free market competition, the public receives slow Internet at high prices while media conglomerates make high profits. If there is more market competition for the Internet, then there would be a better chance for new companies to enter the market; as a result, more competition would bring about faster Internet. Ultimately, this method would break the four major telecommunications networks from controlling the media market. There needs to be an open and free market for Internet regulation.

A free market with minimal media regulation offers the opportunity for a diverse media and telecommunications industry where customers are not forced to choose between one of four superpowers. With a free market, there is an abundance of information to be passed around and more telecommunications providers to choose from. All in all, there is a greater opportunity for faster Internet if the government allows.

Race Rebels are present throughout all aspects of history

This weekend, I worked with a team of dedicated students and faculty to put together the second annual Ithaca Pan Asian American Film Festival. We made history. We explored the Asian American identity. We broke stereotypes. We are continuing to embrace the Asian American identity through workshops and independent films about the Asian diaspora, and we are learning about the Asian American race rebels who first brought to light their own individual identities to shed the stereotypes of the Asian.

Prior to my semester in Asian American Race Rebels, I did not know much about whom race rebels were; in fact, I have always heard of the term, but I had not thought about how I would define a race rebel if someone asked. To me, a race rebel was someone who went about breaking stereotypes in a way that he/she is remembered negatively. That is not the case.

Throughout the semester in Asian American Race Rebels, I have learned about various Asian Americans who have stepped outside of “the norm” to challenge the Model Minority Myth and go against the stereotypes. I have learned that anyone can be a race rebel. From Fred Korematsu to Lea Salonga, I learned that Asian American Race Rebels fall within all aspects of history, not just a specific industry or time period.

Fred Korematsu, for example, exemplifies a race rebel for his ability to run away from being put away into a Japanese internment camp in California. Not only that, but he even received a minor surgical procedure to change the shape of his eyes in order to look “more European,” and he changed his name. With a new identity, Korematsu refused to be put away in an internment camp, which created some resentment among the Japanese community when he was eventually captured. He sued the United States government, on behalf of the Japanese community, challenging the constitutionality of the internment camps. His actions seemed “rebellious” to other Japanese Americans, and he certainly was not seen as a race rebel. His case against the United States allowed him to leave a mark on Asian American history in the United States, as the case eventually recognized the unconstitutionality of the internment camps for Japanese Americans.

Lea Salonga was another race rebel I was surprised to learn about because I did not see her as a race rebel. Her role and impact on theatre has allowed her to go against the Model Minority Myth. Usually, society does not think of Asian Americans as taking up occupations outside of being a lawyer or a doctor or a businessperson, however, Salonga broke that myth and redefined the existence of Asian Americans in the entertainment industry. Her role in theatre greatly shifted the dynamics of the arts in that she brought some representation for Asian Americans in the arts. Not only that, but her role as the voice of Jasmine in Disney’s “Aladdin” changed the way Asian Americans are represented in film. Her role in theatre was significant for the Asian American community because she really changed the meaning of theatre for Asian Americans.

My semester so far in Asian American Race Rebels has been exciting, as I have learned how to address the misconceptions presented within the Model Minority Myth. Although the concept of the Model Minority is not new to me, the idea of how to challenge and address it is new. Through our class, I have realized how much Asian Americans have been oppressed in history and how pioneers are redefining certain sectors of the Asian American identity. The class, coupled with my involvement in the Asian American Alliance and the Ithaca Pan Asian American Film Festival, has allowed me to recognize the need to bring forth more Asian American representation in all sectors, including theatre, politics, and film.

Citizen journalists have ethics…too?

Mayhill Fowler, perhaps the most well-known citizen journalist, has proved she can be a journalist on her own — without the support of a large professional organization. She uses her own tools and finds her own stories, yet, her methods of reporting raise the question of whether citizen journalists are ethical and accurate when it comes to their work.

Any one can be a citizen journalist, especially in today’s digital era of new technologies and social media. But do citizen journalists report stories following the Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics? Well, there are two sides to the debate. One, citizen journalists are just as ethical and accurate as professional journalists. And two, there is no way citizen journalists can be ethical or accurate since they have no professional training.

Citizen journalists, I believe, are ethical and accurate in their reporting, just like professional journalists. In fact, I do not deny that sometimes citizens are better journalists who can present the straight facts. The Arab Spring, for example, became a well-known story after having first been released by citizen journalists in the areas of conflict. The fact that citizens who were witnessing the scenes firsthand submitted the video footage to news outlets emphasizes a positive factor in citizen journalism. Twitter has become a large force in facilitating citizen journalism, as it is a social medium that allows for people to post video or photographs of an event occurring right in front of them. The news cannot be more accurate than having citizens post footage they shot from a scene they witnessed firsthand, and with that, citizen journalism is doing society a favor.

Contrarily, there is the argument that citizen journalism negatively impacts society as a result of poor and inaccurate reporting. Fowler, for instance, has been the center of debate regarding her ethical methods of reporting. In one incident where she reported on then presidential candidate Barack Obama, she openly expressed her support for Obama while working on the article. Does this not break the code of ethics in regard to conflict of interest? She also wrote an article for The Huffington Post on another fellow citizen journalist’s experience with former President Bill Clinton in what was called “Sleazygate.” The journalist’s experience with Clinton brings to light the ethical issue of reporting, as Clinton did not know that he was being recorded and was speaking with a journalist. The journalist, who clearly did not identify himself/herself as a journalist recording the interaction, challenged the professional journalism ethic. This example highlights just one issue of citizen journalism, which has been a controversial topic over the last few years.

It is to my belief that citizen journalists follow SPJ’s Code of Ethics more closely than any professional journalist. Since citizen journalists have no professional outlet to lean on or work for, they cannot help but rely on the Code of Ethics that outlines important journalistic values. One fact that the Code of Ethics has yet to include is the use of social media and where those tools play in to ethical reporting tactics. Of course, there are numerous debates surrounding the use of social media to obtain information or to get close with sources, but there is no mention of social media usage in the Code of Ethics. Should SPJ adopt a clause about ethical social media usage in its Code of Ethics? If so, how would they determine what is ethical and what is not?

The end of objectivity?

With mainstream journalists closing the gap between themselves and the large corporations, it is important to question the reliability of today’s mainstream media.

As Professor Jeff Cohen mentions in his article, “Snowden Coverage: If U.S. Mass Media Were State-Controlled, Would They Look Any Different?” media employees have grown closer to their sources particularly large corporations and conglomerates. I cannot help but wonder if this relationship weakens the accuracy and reliability of reporting.

Aside from the fact that journalists are working to establish a “cozy” relationship with their sources, it brings to light the ethics of true journalism in today’s society. Throughout our time as both students and professional journalists, we are always taught to be objective, neutral and unbiased in our reporting. But what does objectivity mean from a general standpoint?

I mean, objectivity holds a very subjective definition; for, it can be defined in many ways from a variety of lenses and perspectives because it is virtually impossible for any one journalist to truly stay objective.

I believe everyone, whether a journalist or not, has some type of opinion toward certain issues and topics. As a result, I think it is fair to suggest that objectivity is merely trying to show both sides of a story rather than staying completely objective. I feel that with each individual’s personal experiences, there cannot be true objectivity. Everyone has been – or is – influenced by someone or something each and every day. That in itself is what encompasses our identity and brings about personal biases. Objectivity, or what once allowed readers to trust the reporting of newspapers and journalists, has now been transformed by the new age of media.

As stated in Joho: the Blog, transparency is the new objectivity. And in the transformative journalism industry, transparency is what really allows readers to rely on journalism. Back in the old era of journalism where newspapers thrived and reporters wrote interviews on pen and paper, actual people became the higher authority experts on a topic. Now, with the Internet and the digital age, newspapers are dying and reporters are recording their interviews. Digital technologies highlight the importance of hyperlinks, which allow for readers to collect information from a variety of higher authority “experts.”

The Internet helps readers facilitate their own thoughts, opinions and perspectives on an issue because they are able to gather information, arguments and ideas from numerous sources on the web rather than hear from one authoritative source, which allows for more biases.

It is hard to tell whether the age of hyperlinks will positively or negatively influence the journalism industry; however, what I do know is that the Internet brings about new definitions of objectivity.